An absent-minded and inattentive child
Every parent wants their child to grow up healthy, active, purposeful, learn well and easily cope with all tasks.
Most often, the problem of inattention is faced by children who went to school. Since a lot of concentration is required during study.
This does not mean that the concentration “suddenly”, it just became ore seriousm than in preschool age. Rather, he was absent-minded.
Poor concentration negatively affects the child. It is harder for him to sit in class, to focus on certain tasks. The schoolboy becomes quickly fatigued. For the same reasons, academic performance deteriorates, or the child simply loses interest in it.
Most often, parents think that the problem with poor grades is that the child is just lazy, and therefore his attention is scattered. Grabbing the head, adults begin to scold and punish the student.
Before you scold for “laziness” it is necessary to understand whether everything is really so simple. Children often need help to develop the necessary level of attention.
Today we will talk about how to identify this problem and what parents should do in this situation to help their child.
What is inattention and what types it is
Inattentiveness is a violation of the ability to concentrate attention.
If the child is inattentive, it is very difficult for him to concentrate on any subject, conversation or occupation, to finish the job started. People are not able to keep their attention on details. Such people often lose things, quickly get distracted, and constantly forget about unfinished business.
There are several types of attention disorders:
Absent-mindedness is a slight involuntary switching of weakly intense attention, often found in preschoolers of primary school children.
Professorial ” absent-mindedness – is a condition in which it is difficult to switch attention from one process to another, as a result of complete immersion in the process.
Low intensity of attention is a type of inattention characterized by poor concentration and attention switching.
When faced with the problem of inattention, you need to decide whether you need the help of a specialist in this situation, or you can cope on your own.
In most cases, inattention is acquired, so you can get rid of it.
Why are children distracted and inattentive
Without understanding the cause of inattention, it is impossible to resist it.
First of all, you need to calm down. You need to analyze the actions
the child and identify the reason that he became absent-minded.
Possible causes of children’s distracted attention:
Associated with way of life:
Fatigue-characterized by high fatigue
Lack of sleep
Technogenic overload-the reason for everything is an overabundance of information, or rather stress. The accelerated pace of life, constant overloads lead the body to exhaustion,including poor concentration.
Related to the child’s characteristics
Hyperactivity-children with this diagnosis, as a rule, have excessive motor activity, have poor concentration.
Soreness-a child with poor health is characterized by high fatigue.
Attention deficit-children with such a conclusion need special comprehensive assistance from parents together with teachers, psychologists, and doctors.
Weak nervous system-it is difficult for such children to quickly change the form of activity and concentrate on it.
With a lifestyle, parents can solve issues on their own, and if you suspect that a lack of attention is associated with developmental and health problems, it is better to contact a specialist and clarify the cause of the problem.
How to understand that a child is inattentive
The main symptoms of inattention are most often:
Difficulties in remembering information
It is difficult for him to concentrate on one lesson
It seems as if he is not listening to the other person
In the course of classes it is very easy to be distracted by external stimuli
Recommendations for parents – how to help a student?
When faced with such a problem, parents should be patient.
Exclude health problems – if in doubt, it is better to consult with specialists-a neurologist, neuropsychologist.
Put in order the daily routine, food-it should be distributed and correct, and sleep-quality.
Spend enough time walking in the fresh air
Make sure that the child is not overloaded with circles and various activities.
Determine the leading type of memory of the child, in order to teach him to remember information more easily. To do this effectively on psychodiagnostics.
Do special exercises to develop attention you Do not need to scold the student for his inattention, so he will perceive the situation negatively, and the problem will only get worse. Encourage more often: praise for success, notice the good.
Create comfortable conditions for classes at home. The atmosphere in the house should be quiet and cozy. Distracting objects should be as small as possible, only the necessary items on the table, Windows to the courtyard where children play and in General, there is so much interesting happening, it is also better to close the curtains. Motivate your students by encouraging them, and also enjoy their success.
If the child is engaged – do not distract him, otherwise he will get tired faster.
Teach the student to make “planned” breaks in classes, to spend and actively, to walk, drink water, to beam he does interesting exercises. Children love it!
Make a plan and schedule of the day, taking into account the child’s opinion. Put the schedule in a prominent place. Do it together. It will be easier for the child to navigate in time.
Practical exercises-train your attention.
Attention can and should be developed! It is better to train your attention from early childhood. If you notice problems with concentration, you should give this issue your time. Here are some practical exercises.
Schulte table-a table in the form of numbers from 1 to 25, arranged randomly. The point of this table is that the child as quickly as possible finds, shows and calls the numbers from 1 to 25 in order.
Organize competitions-mark the time on a stopwatch and set records!
“Listen and do as I do” – clap your hands to a certain rhythm and ask them to repeat after you. You can not only clap, but also tap on objects (for example, a Bank, table, book) in a certain rhythm.
This exercise is useful for developing auditory memory and attention.
“Try to describe me” – stand in front of each other and ask the child to examine your appearance, then ask him to turn away and start asking questions: “what color t-shirt”, “what is she wearing”, “Is there a ring or bracelet”, etc. Then switch roles.
This is how visual memory is trained.
“Draw” – ask your child to draw pictures that don’t have any details.
“Color the other half” – find pictures where only one half is colored, let your child color the other half exactly. We do this first, and then to complicate the task, offer to remember the picture, hide the colored part and ask the student to finish drawing from memory.
Retelling-ask your child to read the book, then briefly tell its meaning and content, or watch a cartoon together, and then discuss the plot.
Arrow – – you should hold your gaze on the second hand of the clock for 2-3 minutes, without distraction, and watch how it moves on the clock. It is also interesting to set records here!
Find and name the item” – the child is given drawings with crossed-out and masked images of objects. You should find them and name them. Download and print this drawing and ask your child to complete the task
Guess the line” – the child should listen carefully to the song that they have included, then you need to remove any line from it. The task of the student will be to understand which line is missing.
Read and count” – give the child a text, offer to read it and at the same time count the number of words in it.
It is very important to remember that you need to develop all types of attention (motor–motor, visual, auditory). Do these exercises for 20 minutes every day. And the effect is sure to be!
Useful classes for the training of attention
There are a lot of games for development and concentration of attention – you will definitely not get bored!
Riddles and crosswords
A collection of puzzles and designers
Mosaics and puzzles
Problems in logic
Sudoku and rebuses
Various online games for concentration
In addition to regular classes, it will be great if you try to make sure that there is an interest in learning. For example, you should tell us something interesting, perhaps from your childhood, in school subjects (mathematics, history, literature, geography, chemistry, biology, etc.). Let your child see that “learning” is far from boring.
Don’t forget about sports. Sports activities are useful not only for General health and strength, but also contribute to the development of imagination, attention and quick thinking.
It is also very useful to learn poems by heart. Engage with your child systematically and encourage them for their success and effort.