Memory development in school children
School, homework, tests … the Modern world increases the requirements for a person. The issue of memory development in primary school children is becoming more and more relevant. In this article, we will discuss how memory develops at school age, find out what you need to do to help your child better remember information, what exercises to use.
Modern school children – what are they like?
Let’s return to the question: what is he, a modern schoolboy? Often, even in the lower grades, it is an advanced user in many areas of life. A person who understands innovations and modern gadgets better than adults. In other words, younger students have very flexible thinking, which is able to easily perceive, literally” on the fly ” to grasp new information.
Where do memory problems come from?
The most common options are lack of interest and desire to remember what you need. Or lack of attention. But there are children who find it difficult to remember new information. Human memory is like a muscle that needs to be trained.
Memory in young children is mainly mechanical, that is, memorizing. This is the most convenient and familiar way for them to remember. However, it is not the most effective.
In addition, with age, this method is increasingly giving way to other types of memory. To teach a child to learn information in different ways is to help them avoid problems in the future. This is an important task that requires attention. You can’t do without special exercises. Sadly, without learning, memory does not develop by itself.
First you need to understand what memory is and what types of memory exist.
You need to learn more about this concept in order to help your child.
Memory is the process of remembering, storing, and then reproducing what a person has previously chewed and done.
Type of memory:
Motor memory (motor). It allows you to remember various movements, helps you develop skills.
Emotional memory. A strong memory that remembers emotions, feelings, and experiences.
Word-logical memory. Memorizes material and establishes semantic connections. Thanks to this type of memorization, we can reason and make conclusions.
Image memory. Allows you to remember images that occur in your mind.
According to the method of memorization, this process is divided into voluntary, when we consciously memorize information, and involuntary. In this case, memorization occurs by itself, we do not set such a goal.
According to the duration of information storage, memory is divided into short-term and long-term. It is also customary to allocate RAM or working memory separately. It is necessary, for example, to remember the address to get to. After the task is completed, this address is forgotten because it is no longer needed.
If you want your child to understand how memory works, watch the cartoon “puzzle” – this is a great illustration of the mechanisms of memory and storage of information in the brain.
The mechanism of memory operation can be described as follows: Memorizing > saving > playing > forgetting and the information is “sorted”. First it goes to short – term memory, then important for a long time is sent to long – term memory, the necessary right now-in the operational, and what is not necessary-forgotten.
Features of primary school children and their memorization
Children in primary school classes have more developed visual – figurative memory than semantic memory. In other words, they remember the specifics well – objects, facts, etc.in the school curriculum at this age, students are given a large amount of specific material. This contributes to the further development of this type of memorization.
The children do not know how to divide the material into groups, organize the memorization process correctly, and use logical schemes.
It is easier for them to remember verbatim and unconsciously. This is facilitated by insufficient speech development. It is often easier for a child to tell a text verbatim than to retell it in their own words. It is necessary to fight against this and to achieve an understanding of what the student is learning.
In primary classes, you need to prepare students for secondary school, develop logical memory to easily assimilate explanations, definitions, and proofs. To train them to this type of memorization is to develop their thinking.
You need to teach children in elementary school carved techniques of memorization, help them choose the most effective for them.
Without special training, Junior students do not know how to remember correctly and simply learn by heart.
They only remember the whole thing, and they can’t reproduce the information in parts. A good example is when a child learns a long poem, gets lost in the middle, and starts telling it again. Familiar?
After training, children easily use new ways of memorizing, show excellent results.
Different types of information perception – choose your own.
Why is everyone given the same information in the classroom, but everyone understands and perceives it in their own way and remembers it at different speeds?
The answer is simple. All people are very different. Everyone has their own peculiarities of perception.
Unfortunately, the school does not pay attention to this. Everyone should do what the program requires. Information is given in this way, and not otherwise. This is how our system works.
If you notice that it is difficult for a student to remember information, you should pay attention to the development of memory of younger students.
The first thing to do is to determine the child’s leading memory.
There are three channels of perception:
Auditory, or sound. An audial is a person who perceives the vast majority of information through sounds. They most often refer to the description of the surrounding world through sounds. Their dominant sense is hearing, so they tend to have strong communication skills.
Visual, or visual. The visual artist best perceives information in the form of images. He, as it were, draws in his head certain pictures of what you are trying to convey to him.
Kinetic, it’s a feeling. For these people, the first important thing is a sensitive experience, emotional reinforcement. They remember sensations, movements, and smells well and are more focused on the senses.
There are no” pure ” types of memorization. But there are presenters.
Here you need to act like this:
Learn the leading type of memorization, teach your child to use it
Additionally develop other channels of information perception.
The child is a hard worker, attentive, loves to talk, listen. Communication plays a huge role for them. They are characterized by saying their actions out loud.
Visual children better remember information that consists of drawings, graphs, diagrams, and selected fragments. They have a well-developed motor skills of fingers, and they perceive verbal instructions with difficulty and therefore often repeat tasks.
A kinesthetic child is a real practitioner. He seeks to explore the world around him from all sides, feeling and even tasting. At school, the kinesthetic person likes to touch educational materials, collect or disassemble manuals. They don’t like to read much. It’s easier and more interesting for them to write. This is why such children are often taught to read through writing.
It is not always easy to determine the leading modality in a child. In the courses on the development of attention and memory in the center, the first and one of the most important stages of the course.
Practical exercises for memory development
Try working out with your child. We have selected exercises for memory development in primary school children.
Exercises for developing auditory memory
Exercise ” Repeat the words»
Very simple and exciting game “Repeat the words”. The rules of this game are simple:
You pronounce words for a child
The child listens
The child’s task is to name these words aloud, without a certain sequence.
Exercise – the game “broken telephone»
The task of the players is to stand up as a snake, a train or in a circle and the first player whispers a word to his neighbor and so the word is passed around the circle or in the order in which the players stand. The latter calls the word that he heard. The game can still be fun, as everyone can perceive and hear differently.
Exercise ” Untangle the word»
Your task is to prepare proposals for the child. Then-say them in a scattered order. The player’s task is to pronounce in its original form (for example, “Mommy went to the store” “come, shop, mother in; “Steve does not like porridge in the morning” – not, mess, morning, loves, Steve, at)
Exercises aimed at developing visual memory
Exercise ” Word and image»
Write down 10 words for yourself. It could be anything.
Put a piece of paper and a pen in front of the child.
Your task is to read the word. The child should draw for a few seconds what is associated with this word.
When you have dictated everything and the child has drawn it, ask him to name as many words as possible from his pictures.
Exercise – game “Photographer” Game for a large number of people.
One person is selected from all participants – he is a photographer.
You-as the host, arrange the children in a certain sequence.
The photographer remembers the sequence of players, and then turns away.
While the photographer is not looking, you change the participants ‘ post-narrative. They can do it themselves.
The photographer turns. Its task is to remember who was in what order.
Exercise ” What is missing?»
You take any items, it is very interesting to use items on some topic.
Lay out the selected items on the table (or other surface) in a certain sequence.
The child’s task is to remember the sequence.
Then you, while the child does not see, must remove any object or change the sequence.
The child’s task is to remember what happened.
Exercises to develop kinetic memory
Game exercise “Magic bag”. Here you will need props: a bag and items that are inside. The task of the child with closed eyes is to get and name objects from the bag, memorizing the sensations. And then remember the maximum number of objects.